Brain Injury: Some Basic Facts

More than 1.4 million people attend Hospital Accident and Emergency Departments in the UK each year. Of those 135,000 are admitted due to the severity of the injuries they have sustained.The major causes of a head injury are road traffic accidents, falls and accidents at home or work. In more recent years assaults have increased the prevalence of head injury.As many 75% of mild brain injury go unreported and unassessed by medical professionals.However a brain injury has occurred, it is due to part of the brain either being destroyed or becoming damaged. Brain Injury can be either be termed as “Traumatic Brain Injury” (TBI) or “Acquired Brain Injury” (ABI), depending upon the cause.

Causes

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

  • Road Traffic Accidents
  • Falls
  • Violence or Assaults
  • Work Related Accidents.

Acquired Brain Injury (ABI)

  • Stroke (the leading cause)
  • Lack of Oxygen
  • Tumours
  • Other illness, such as cancer
  • Brain infections or inflammation
  • Other infections.

The Effects of Brain Injury

The brain is divided into a number of different sections and each has its own functions. The combination of symptoms that a person with a brain injury experiences therefore depends upon the part of the brain that has been damaged. People with a brain injury present with different parts of the brain damaged, this is why each person’s condition and symptoms are unique to them.
The damaged parts of the brain may also be damaged in different severity depending upon the circumstances and the cause of the original brain injury, therefore the importance of carefully assessing each person in an individual and person centred manner cannot be overstated.

Physical

  • Headaches
  • Feelings of Dizziness. Nausea / Vomiting
  • Easily upset by noises
  • Difficulties coordinating balance
  • Blurred vision
  • Seizures
  • Changes in sensory perception
  • Difficulties speaking or swallowing
  • Changes in sleep patterns
  • Lack of bowel or bladder control
  • Changes in sexual function.
  • Motor impairment (trouble moving body normally)
  • Fatigue

Functional / Emotional Changes

  • Personality changes
  • Difficulties forming sentences or choosing vocabulary
  • Confusion
  • Trouble communicating
  • Difficulties with reason, focus, logic
  • Memory impairments
  • Depression
  • Poor concentration
  • Mood swings
  • Limited attention span
  • Disorientation
  • Difficulties remembering conversations, general forgetfulness
  • Acting inappropriately

What we do

We offer support/advice to people with brain injury, disabilities, their families and support staff in our local community.

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Upcoming Activities

We work closely with many local organisations and aim to keep our members updated on upcoming events in our local area.

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Our Community

Our online community offers a much needed support network, freeing many members from the isolation they once experienced.

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Testimonial
TESTIMONIALS

I don’t feel alone anymore, coming across this group of people that understand me, has given me the inspiration to carry on. I feel like I am a part of society again!

I don’t feel alone anymore, coming across this group of people that understand me, has given me the inspiration to carry on. I feel like I am a part of society again!

I don’t feel alone anymore, coming across this group of people that understand me, has given me the inspiration to carry on. I feel like I am a part of society again!

Craig Clark

Craig Clark

Craig Clark

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